A Chosen Calling: Jews in Science in the Twentieth Century - download pdf or read online

By Noah J. Efron

ISBN-10: 1421413825

ISBN-13: 9781421413822

Students have struggled for many years to provide an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in smooth technology. numerous arguable theories—from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl—have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an advanced genetic predisposition to clinical good fortune. Wiener advised that the breeding conduct of Jews sustained hereditary traits conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."

Rejecting the concept Jews have performed good in technological know-how as a result of uniquely Jewish qualities, Jewish brains, and Jewish conduct of brain, historian of technology Noah J. Efron ways the Jewish affinity for technological know-how during the geographic and cultural situations of Jews who have been forced to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.

Seeking reduction from non secular persecution, thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in manhattan, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide function within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it used to be a common strength that transcended the arbitrary previous international orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a couple of Jews from the seats of energy, wealth, and public esteem. even if the 3 locations have been some distance aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience—of dealing with the longer term in new worlds, either actual and conceptual—provided a new release of Jews with possibilities in contrast to any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.

The tumultuous fresh century of Jewish heritage, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies within which they now reside, is illuminated through where of honor technological know-how held in Jewish imaginations. technological know-how used to be crucial to their goals of constructing new worlds—welcoming worlds—for a persecuted people.

This provocative paintings will entice historians of technology in addition to students of faith, Jewish experiences, and Zionism.

Reviews:

Noah Efron's a selected Calling is a clean and impressive exploration of the keenness with which Jews have celebrated technological know-how, and of the mythical contrast with which they've got practiced technological know-how in 3 significant domains... Efron exhibits that during all 3 instances, Jews delivered to their novel conditions a force for complete participation in an international the place that they had been denied that participation, and he indicates, extra, that the universalist ethos of technology supplied a uniquely strong technique of participating.

(David A. Hollinger, collage of California, Berkeley)

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Additional resources for A Chosen Calling: Jews in Science in the Twentieth Century

Example text

By the hand of Jael, a woman. 48 The issue set forth by Hosea in regard to the exodus was also very much alive in the time of Deborah : � . And Israel served for a woman, And through a woman was it preserved . . And through a prophet did Yahweh bring Israel up from Egypt, And through a prophet did he preserve . . (Hos. 49 main This juxtaposition of prophet and worr:ar: may not be ��related to the the and hero point of our discussion. The deprectation of the military . • _ . • · · • ' • • .

There are two t-ypes of participation intwelve tribes would appear to agree with the evidence that the two tribes of volved: the participation (and nonparticipation) of the tribes which is the division later Levi and Simeon were lost to the North, 18 and with that of the . subject of the song, and the participation (and nonparticipation) of Jael and 19 . ) ff. :26 between North and South in the time of Rehoboam (1 Kings 11 Meroz ( 23-27). Considering the latter first, Meroz is cursed for not comin the Song is 3.

By the hand of Jael, a woman. 48 The issue set forth by Hosea in regard to the exodus was also very much alive in the time of Deborah : � . And Israel served for a woman, And through a woman was it preserved . . And through a prophet did Yahweh bring Israel up from Egypt, And through a prophet did he preserve . . (Hos. 49 main This juxtaposition of prophet and worr:ar: may not be ��related to the the and hero point of our discussion. The deprectation of the military . • _ . • · · • ' • • .

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A Chosen Calling: Jews in Science in the Twentieth Century by Noah J. Efron


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