Download e-book for kindle: A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery

By Georgina M. Montgomery

ISBN-10: 1119072212

ISBN-13: 9781119072218

ISBN-10: 1119072220

ISBN-13: 9781119072225

ISBN-10: 1119072239

ISBN-13: 9781119072232

ISBN-10: 1405156252

ISBN-13: 9781405156257

A better half to the historical past of yank Science bargains a suite of essays that supply an authoritative evaluate of the newest scholarship at the background of yank science.

  • Covers subject matters together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, tremendous technology, army expertise, and more
  • Features contributions by way of the main entire students within the box of technology history
  • Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. heritage that formed the improvement of technology and technology coverage corresponding to WWII, the chilly conflict, and the Women’s Rights movement

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His legacy, however, remains burdened by his views on the biological basis of race and his vociferous support for the eugenic movement. While sociocultural anthropology increasingly adopted relativistic stances and abandoned race as a category of analysis, physical anthropology remained wedded to race as its preeminent object of study; the questions of how races originated and were defined constituted its fundamental inquiries. Hooton became the country’s most authoritative voice on questions of race, publishing a series of widely read books (Hooton 1937, 1942).

Hooton and the Hootonians The profound attention afforded to Boas and the Boasians has left other corners of anthropology’s history relatively less examined. Among them is physical and biological anthropology, particularly during the twentieth century. Boas’s vision was expansive enough to encompass four fields. But because he produced so many talented students of culture, his influence on physical anthropology was lest manifest, even if Boas himself did anthropometric work (Little and Kennedy 2009).

Early in their development, the institutions embraced the agricultural sciences, as the application of the scientific method promised to both raise the status of the American farmer and improve the economic viability of farms (Rosenberg 1997). They conducted and continue to conduct research on a multiplicity of agricultural topics, such as soil fertility, cover crops, and farming methods, both at the university proper and at experiment stations. Similar to MacKenzie’s (1991) triangular partnership, Rosenberg (1997) argues that the United States’ early success in agricultural research was a result of a three-way partnership between universities, experiment stations, and extension services.

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A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery


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