A political and social history of modern Europe by Carlton J. H. Hayes PDF

By Carlton J. H. Hayes

Excerpt: ...Pretender." The Methuen Treaty (1703) used to be additionally helpful: it allowed English retailers to promote their manufactures in Portugal with no main issue; in go back for this concession England decreased the tasks on Portuguese wines, and "Port" supplanted "Burgundy" at the tables of English gents. The Act of Union of 1707 was once no longer detrimental both, for it validated universal alternate laws, customs, and excise in England and in Scotland. To the in basic terms own union among the crowns of britain and Scotland which have been inaugurated (1603) by means of the 1st of the Stuart monarchs of britain now succeeded less than the final of the Stuart sovereigns a company union of the 2 monarchies below the name of the dominion of serious Britain (1707). Sidenote: Accession of the Hanoverians (1714); persisted Decline of Royal energy Upon the demise of Anne (1714), the crown handed Footnote: according to the Act of payment (1701). to her cousin, the son of Sophia of Hanover, George I (1714-1727). the hot king, not able even to talk the English language, less to appreciate the advanced traditions of parliamentary govt, used to be neither capable nor fearful to rule, yet was once content material simply to reign. The enterprise of management, consequently, was once passed over to a bunch of ministers who strove not just to delight their royal grasp yet to continue the good-will of the major get together in Parliament. Sidenote: upward thrust of the cupboard for the reason that this custom, with the numerous customs that have grown up approximately it, has turn into a so much crucial a part of the govt. of the uk at the present time, and has been copied lately by means of many different nations, it is very important comprehend its early historical past. Even ahead of the accession of the Tudors, the good Council of nobles and prelates which had recommended and assisted early kings in concerns of management had surrendered such a lot of its real features to a ranking or so of "Privy Councilors." The Privy Council in flip turned unwieldy,...

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4. NORTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE IN THE YEAR 1500 [Sidenote: Northern and Eastern Europe of Small Importance in the Sixteenth Century, but of Great Importance Subsequently] We have now reviewed the states that were to be the main factors in the historical events of the sixteenth century–the national monarchies of England, France, Portugal, and Spain; the Holy Roman Empire of the Germanies; and the city-states of Italy and the Netherlands. It may be well, however, to point out that in northern and eastern Europe other states had already come into existence, which subsequently were to affect in no small degree the history of modern times, such as the Scandinavian kingdoms, the tsardom of Muscovy, the feudal kingdoms of Poland and Hungary, and the empire of the Ottoman Turks.

W. Maitland, The Constitutional History of England (1908), Period II. On Scotland: P. H. Brown, History of Scotland , 3 vols. (1899-1909), Vol. , 4 vols. (19011907), Vol. I. On France: A. J. Grant, The French Monarchy, 14831789 , 2 vols. (1900), Vol. I, ch. i, ii, brief and general; G. B. Adams, The Growth of the French Nation (1896), ch. viii-x, a suggestive sketch; G. W. , 3 vols. (1894-1899), Vol. I and Vol. II (in part), dry and narrowly political; Lavisse (editor), Histoire de France , Vol.

Xviii-xxi; R. N. Bain, Slavonic Europe: a Political History of Poland and Russia from 1447 to 1796 (1908), ch. i-iv; T. Schiemann, Russland, Polen, und Livland bis ins 17ten Jahrhundert , 2 vols. (1886-1887). Norway: H. H. Boyesen, The History of Norway (1886), a brief popular account in ”Story of the Nations” Series. Muscovy: V. O. Kliuchevsky, A History of Russia , trans. with some abridgments by C. J. Hogarth, 3 vols. to close of seventeenth century (1911-1913), latest and, despite faulty translation, most authoritative work on early Russian history now available in English; Alfred Rambaud, Histoire de la Russie depuis les origines jusqu’`a nos jours , 6th ed.

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A political and social history of modern Europe by Carlton J. H. Hayes


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