By Norman John Greville Pounds
This publication, like its better half quantity, An old Geography of Europe 450 BC-AD 1330, seeks to ascertain the complicated of ordinary and man-made beneficial properties that experience encouraged the process heritage and feature been encouraged via it. It follows the final trend of the sooner quantity and spans the interval from the early 16th century to the eve of the commercial Revolution in continental Europe, nearly 1500 to 1840. It first offers an image of the geography of Europe - political, social and monetary - within the early 16th century, and it ends with an identical photo of continental Europe within the early 19th. The intervening interval of approximately 3 centuries is simply too brief to be provided in a sequence of cross-sections. as an alternative, among those horizontal photographs a sequence of vertical stories has been inserted. those hint the improvement of the most aspects of ecu geography in this interval. There are chapters on inhabitants, city improvement, agriculture, production and exchange and shipping. As within the past quantity, no try has been made to incorporate both the British Isles or Russia, and those are stated basically by the way.
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Extra resources for An Historical Geography of Europe, 1500-1840
It proved impossible on a continental map to represent towns of less than about 5000 inhabitants, partly because of their great number, partly because of the problem of distinguishing between them and large villages from which they scarcely differed in function. The frequency of small towns varied greatly. It was greatest in Germany and least in France and Spain. Walker has estimated that in Wurttemberg there was 30 An historical geography of Europe 1500-1840 Fig. 92 Fig. 7 shows the distribution of all towns in one restricted area: Switzerland.
45 French nationalism was at this time less vociferous, perhaps because it had less to protest against than German and Italian. It had been tempered in the wars with England, and France had achieved a degree of political unity which Germany and Italy were not to attain until the nineteenth century. There was a concept of community within France, even though its boundaries might long continue to be debated. French topographical writings plead less and describe more fully. They are filled with praise of la douce France, the fertility of its soil and the abundance of its vegetable and mineral production.
The population of the northern Low Countries was very unevenly distributed. The province of Holland, with perhaps 275,000 inhabitants, was the most densely inhabited with almost 50 to the square kilometre. This high density was supported in part by the fisheries. The predominantly agricultural provinces were much less densely settled. 53 Evidence for France at this date is scanty, but nevertheless points to a relatively sparse population which had not yet recovered from the depredations of the Hundred Years' War and of the epidemics of the fourteenth century.
An Historical Geography of Europe, 1500-1840 by Norman John Greville Pounds