Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, by Mark Ridley PDF

By Mark Ridley

ISBN-10: 0865423903

ISBN-13: 9780865423909

ISBN-10: 1444313800

ISBN-13: 9781444313802

This vintage textbook is a concise introductory consultant to the topic of animal habit. The ebook is geared up via first construction the four-cornered foundations of the topic, then relocating greater. In an incredibly well-organized development, the coed is result in an figuring out of the fundamental subject matters, defined in logical self-contained devices. every one bankruptcy ends with feedback for additional studying. during this moment version, the insurance of mechanisms of habit is way accelerated, as is the cloth on evolution and ordinary choice. The bankruptcy on improvement contains a lot of the hot paintings on studying and reminiscence, specially song-learning in birds. certainly in the course of the booklet, examples are drawn from contemporary ground-breaking examine.

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Additional resources for Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology

Example text

The lateral line is a channel under the skin of each side of the animal, with little holes leading to the outside. The flow of water into the lateral line allows the fish to measure the movement of water with respect to itself. 1). Sensory neurons are sensitive to certain kinds of stimuli in the external environment, and convert them into an electrical impulse-a wave of depolarization traveling from the sensory end of the neuron toward the brain. " There are as many mechanisms of transduction as there are kinds of sense organ.

The control of the song is by an internal rhythmic mechanism. The internal rhythm is probably generated in the thoracic ganglion, because when the command interneuron in the neck is electrically stimulated and causes the cricket to sing, the stimulus contains no timing information. The song consists of a regular series of sound pulses, delivered at a certain frequency in time; the stimulus from the interneuron in the neck probably serves to set the whole rhythmic machinery in motion but does not itself directly control the contraction of the wing muscles.

He did find that if he stuffed up the bats' ears their ability to avoid obstructions declined, but he did not know how to explain this result. Bats remained a puzzle until after advanced equipment for recording and producing sound had been devel- MACHINERY AND MECHANISMS oped along with radar in World War II. The equipment was applied to the bat puzzle by Donald Griffin and his collaborators in the 1940s and 1950s. It was Griffin's group who established, first in the little brown bat (Myotis lucifuqus), that insectivorous bats find their way around by listening to the echoes of high-pitched sounds that they make themselves.

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Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology by Mark Ridley


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