By John Thorley
The 5th century BC witnessed not just the emergence of 1 of the 1st democracies, but additionally the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. John Thorley presents a concise research of the advance and operation of Athenian democracy in contrast backdrop. considering either basic resource fabric and the paintings of recent historians, Athenian Democracy examines:* the prelude to democracy* how the democractic approach emerged* how the program labored in perform* the potency of the program of presidency* the good fortune of Athenian democracy.Including an invaluable chronology and blibliography, this moment variation has been up-to-date take into consideration fresh study.
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Extra info for Athenian Democracy (Lancaster Pamphlets) (2004)
The thetes class, who constituted probably well over a half of the citizen population, were thus excluded from the Boule, just as they had been excluded from Solon’s Council of 400. This gives rise to a nice calculation, which presumably Kleisthenes must have done. The Boule required 500 members from the zeugitai class and above each year, and individuals could be members of the Boule only twice in a lifetime. If we assume that the average life expectancy of those aged 30 was a further thirty years, then it might be assumed that an individual would be eligible for membership of the Boule on average once every fifteen years.
It was acknowledged that the appointment of generals could not be left to selection by lot, and each tribe therefore put forward its most able candidate; a general, moreover, had to be at least 30 years old, which was a requirement for all magistrates. The final approval had to be given by the whole Assembly of citizens, but it seems they regularly accepted the nominations of the tribal assemblies. And in the case of generals there was no bar on repeated appointment year after year, and this certainly occurred, most notably in the case of Pericles, who was general for fifteen years in succession from 443 to 429.
The second reason is that there is some evidence that the geographical organisation of trittyes into tribes favoured the Alkmeonids, and this is not likely to be the result of chance. We cannot as yet produce a complete map of Attica showing every deme because the location of some demes is still not known, but the general pattern is clear. At first sight the distribution pattern may well appear to be as one would expect from a random selection of trittyes to form tribes (though allowing, perhaps, for some balancing of size to create more or less equal tribes, as indicated above), and may therefore seem to support the statement quoted above from the Athenaion Politeia.
Athenian Democracy (Lancaster Pamphlets) (2004) by John Thorley