By Lesley Milroy
This booklet has an exceptional music checklist; of its variety its the simplest out there. - Deborah Cameron, collage of Strathclyde This influential and wide-spread ebook has been generally revised and incorporates a new bankruptcy on linguistic discrimination at the foundation of sophistication, race and ethnicity. different themes coated contain: * nationwide Curriculum and arguments approximately linguistic correctness * * new different types of English (including African American English) * attitudes to languageThese revisions make certain Authority in Language continues to be topical and up to date.
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Extra resources for Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English (Third edition)
First, there is no doubt that great uniformity has been achieved in the written channel: the scribe of Havelok the Dane (c. 1300) used a writing system that permitted many variations in spelling: the word right, for example, could be spelt as riht, rith, richt, ricth, rist. e. a public consciousness of the standard. People believe that there is a ‘right’ way of using English, although they do not necessarily use the ‘correct’ forms in their own speech. Thus, although radio, film and television may not have had much influence on everyday speech, they are amongst the many influences that promote a consciousness of the standard and maintain its position.
17 PRESCRIPTION AND STANDARDISATION Prescriptive judgments and stigmatisation of particular forms have not normally made the necessary distinctions between system and use, or between speech and writing. Our major task here has been to point out that public statements condemning aspects of differing language systems do not make these distinctions clearly. Furthermore, they do not appear to have as much effect on ordinary speakers of non-standard English as one might expect. In the course of history, usages that were once publicly favoured have become stigmatised and usages that were stigmatised have become favoured.
2 That deviations from this norm are illiteracies, or barbarisms, and that nonstandard forms are irregular and perversely deviant. 3 That people ought to use the standard language and that it is quite right to discriminate against non-standard users, as such usage is a sign of stupidity, ignorance, perversity, moral degeneracy, etc. Thus, while Type 1 complaints appear to be attacks on detailed points of usage, they are actually making claims about the superiority of one language system over another (without usually being explicit about this, and often being apparently unaware of it).
Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English (Third edition) by Lesley Milroy