By John J. Collins
A landmark research of Hellenistic Judaism by means of one of many world's well-known experts-now totally revised and up to date. essentially the most inventive and consequential collisions in Western tradition concerned the come upon of Judaism with Hellenism. In his greatly acclaimed research of the highbrow and ethical courting among "Athens and Jerusalem", John J. Collins examines the literature of Hellenistic Judaism, treating not just the introductory questions of date, authorship, and provenance, but in addition the bigger query of Jewish identification within the Greco-Roman global. First released in 1984, among ATHENS AND JERUSALEM is now absolutely revised and up-to-date take into consideration the easiest of modern scholarship.
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Additional info for Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora (The Biblical Resource Series)
From the time of Alexander Jannaeus, the Hasmonean coins bear a Greek inscription in addition to the Hebrew. "''* Needless to say, the trend was continued by the Herods. It is not surprising, then, to find that we cannot draw a clear line between the literature of the Diaspora and that of Judea. At least one of the Hellenistic Jewish writers preserved in Eusebius was a Judean, Eupolemus, and he was (most probably) an associate of Judas Maccabee. In the case of some others, such as Philo the epic poet, Alexandrian provenance has generally been assumed without substantial evidence, but a Judean origin is also possible.
Sanders does not claim that this was the only pattern of religion in Judaism. " 97. Ibid. 1 am not convinced that this view is justified, but the understanding of the covenant in 4 Ezra is in any case somewhat different from, say, that in 2 Baruch. '*"' It is not enough, then, to ask whether the elements of covenantal nomism are present. We must ask what is the dominant pattern that determines the understanding of Judaism on the most significant level. When due emphasis is placed on the element of understanding in "the way a religion is understood to function," it becomes apparent that Judaism in the Hellenistic age was not nearly as uniform as Sanders suggests.
Apion's famous question accurately identified the dilemma of Helle106. 13. 107. On the social stratification of Jews in the Diaspora, see esp. " 108. Barclay, Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora, 82-124. 109. Gruen, The Heritage of Hellenism, 293. 110. For a nicely nuanced account, see C. R. , eds,. ""' Even apart from the issue of citizenship, the same question might be asked about Greek culture, which was difficult to separate from pagan Greek religion. Much of the literature of Hellenistic Judaism is inspired by the attempt to achieve this separation, by endorsing some elements of Hellenistic culture while repudiating others.
Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora (The Biblical Resource Series) by John J. Collins