By Steve Sauter, S D Moon
There's now common reputation that psychosocial elements play a key function within the aetiology, perpetuation, administration and prevention of cumulative trauma issues CTDs. this article addresses the power, course and value of hyperlinks among psychosocial elements and CTDs.; The book's members learn significantly present study info, determine capability hyperlink mechanisms, and suggest measures for keep watch over and prevention. issues lined contain socio-organizational psychology, clinical anthropology, occupational medication, rehabilitation, orthopaedics, task tension and ergonomic interventions. The ebook goals to demystify the idea that of the "psychosocial", as a way to advertise and guarantee potent prevention within the office.
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Additional resources for Beyond Biomechanics: Psychosocial Aspects Of Musculoskeletal Disorders In Office Work
The balance theory developed by Smith and Carayon-Sainfort (1989) provides a useful framework to examine relationships and interactions between work organization and ergonomic factors, and their effect on worker stress. According to this theory, stress is a result of an imbalance between elements of the work system. This imbalance produces a ‘load’ on the human response mechanisms that can produce adverse reactions, both psychological and physiological. The human response mechanisms, which include behavior, physiological reactions, and cognition, act to bring control over the environmental factors that are creating an imbalance.
Work organization can affect CTDs indirectly via stress, which may have the potential to produce direct effects on the causation of CTDs. We will examine how physiological, psychological and behavioral stress reactions can be related to the causation of CTDs. Finally, a model of work organization will be described which can be used to identify and eliminate or reduce the ergonomic and psychosocial risk factors for CTDs. THEORIES OF STRESS It is essential to understand the underlying mechanisms of stress to understand how worker behavior and psychobiological processes may affect the risk of CTDs.
Social and Psychological Factors in Stress, pp. 10–21, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. MECHANIC, D. 1972 Social psychologic factors affecting the presentation of bodily complaints, The New England Journal of Medicine, 286(21), 1132–9. MULLALY, J. and GRIGG, L. 1988 RSI: Integrating the major theories, Australian Journal of Psychology, 40(1), 19–33. NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH 1989 HET A Report 89–250–2046, Melville, NY: Newsday. NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH 1992 HET A Report 90–013–2277, Phoenix, AZ: US West Communications.
Beyond Biomechanics: Psychosocial Aspects Of Musculoskeletal Disorders In Office Work by Steve Sauter, S D Moon