By Linda J. Beck (auth.)
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Extra resources for Brokering Democracy in Africa: The Rise of Clientelist Democracy in Senegal
Consequently, clientelist democracies may exist at the national level although the relative power of clients at the local level can have a significant impact on varying levels of democratic competition and participation. For example, the economic power of clients or their local brokers can provide them with political autonomy from the ruling party that increases political competition between parties. On the other hand, the social status of local intermediaries, such as a hierarchical relationship between client-brokers and their subclients, may undermine political participation by dictating who are the primary beneficiaries of patronage exchanges, as is the case with the powerful Murid leaders in central Senegal (chapter 3).
Name, features) that led to the success of ethnic parties in India. ” This effectively denies the “emotional charge” (Epstein 1978) that is distinctive of ethnic identities to which every region of the world, including the Indian subcontinent, is currently witness, often in violent terms. In her brief conceptualization of patronage democracy, Chandra nevertheless assumes that clientelism is not in contradiction with democracy, although it is problematic in that it is prone to ethnic politics and hence instability.
The Rechtsstaat, which they define as “a state of law, or perhaps more accurately a state subject to law . . ” They conclude that “the more that all the institutions of the state function according to the principle of the state of law, the higher the quality of democracy and the better the society” (Linz and Stepan 1996: 19). To include rule of law as a requirement for democratic consolidation, however, would require “stretching” the definition of consolidation 42 Brok e r i ng D e mo c r ac y i n A f r ic a beyond its initial purpose of analyzing whether a democratic regime will endure or return to authoritarian rule in light of the regime stability of democracies in which rule of law has been flouted if not eclipsed by clientelist politics.
Brokering Democracy in Africa: The Rise of Clientelist Democracy in Senegal by Linda J. Beck (auth.)